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Cognizant Reports Second Quarter 2019 Results
Second quarter 2019 revenue of $4.14 billion, up 3.4% (4.7% in constant currency) over 2018
Declares quarterly cash dividend of $0.20 per share

TEANECK, N.J., July 31, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Cognizant Technology Solutions Corporation (Nasdaq: CTSH), one of the world's leading professional services companies, today announced its second quarter 2019 financial results.

Cognizant Logo (PRNewsfoto/Cognizant)

Highlights - Second Quarter 2019

  • Quarterly revenue rose to $4.14 billion, up 3.4% (4.7% in constant currency1) from the year-ago quarter.
  • GAAP operating margin was 14.9% compared to 16.7% in the year-ago quarter.
  • Adjusted Operating Margin1 was 16.1% compared to 19.2% in the year-ago quarter.
  • Net income was $509 million compared to $456 million in the year-ago quarter.
  • Quarterly GAAP diluted EPS was $0.90, compared to $0.78 in the year-ago quarter.
  • Quarterly Adjusted Diluted EPS1 was $0.94, compared to $1.05 in the year-ago quarter.

"We are taking the necessary steps to position Cognizant for improved commercial and financial performance," said Brian Humphries, Chief Executive Officer. "While there is lots of work ahead, I am encouraged by what I have seen to date and am optimistic on our future."











1 Constant currency revenue growth, Adjusted Operating Margin and Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share ("Adjusted Diluted EPS") are not measurements of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. See "About Non-GAAP Financial Measures" for more information and reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures at the end of this release.

Second Quarter 2019 Performance by Business Segment

Financial Services (35.6% of revenues) revenue grew 0.3% year-over-year and 1.7% in constant currency. Segment revenue growth was driven by modest improvement in banking, primarily from the contribution of the previously announced partnership with three Finnish financial institutions to transform and operate a shared core banking platform, partially offset by continued softness with a few of our largest banking and insurance clients.

Healthcare (27.4% of revenues) revenue declined 1.9% year-over-year and 1.5% in constant currency. Segment revenue was negatively impacted by industry consolidation as well as the accelerated movement of work to a captive at a large North American client. Life Sciences delivered double-digit growth, driven by large enterprise deals and momentum with our industry specific platforms. In July 2019, we completed the acquisition of Zenith Technologies, which will expand our IoT portfolio, enabling us to become a single-source provider of end-to-end smart factory capabilities, a key driver in Industry 4.0.

Products and Resources (22.4% of revenues) revenue grew 10.4% year-over-year and 12.3% in constant currency, driven by solid growth across all of our industries including retail and consumer goods, travel and hospitality, and manufacturing, logistics, energy and utilities. Results reflect continued strength in cloud and digital engineering services and increased demand for interactive, IoT and analytics solutions across clients.

Communications, Media and Technology (14.6% of revenues) revenue grew 12.2% year-over-year and 14.1% in constant currency, led by growth in Technology. Within Communications and Media, growth was negatively impacted by spending reductions at a few large clients. Technology delivered double-digit growth driven primarily by our digital engineering and digital content services and solutions.

Third Quarter & Full Year 2019 Outlook

The Company is providing the following guidance:

  • Third quarter 2019 year-over-year revenue growth in the range of 3.8-4.8% in constant currency.2
  • Full year 2019 year-over-year revenue growth in the range of 3.9-4.9% in constant currency.2
  • Full year 2019 Adjusted Operating Margin3 expected to be approximately 17.0%.
  • Full year 2019 Adjusted Diluted EPS3 expected to be in the range of $3.92-$3.98.

"Second quarter results were in-line with our guidance and position us to achieve our full-year outlook," said Karen McLoughlin, Chief Financial Officer. "We are implementing actions in the second half of the year that we expect will lower our existing cost structure and allow for greater investment in growth, talent, and digital solutions. Using our strong balance sheet we returned over $1.1 billion to shareholders in the second quarter."











2 Based on current foreign exchange rates, we expect third quarter and full year 2019 revenue growth to be negatively impacted by 90 basis points and 110 basis points, respectively, translating to growth of 2.9-3.9% ($4.20-$4.24 billion) and 2.8-3.8% ($16.57-$16.73 billion), respectively.


3 A full reconciliation of Adjusted Operating Margin and Adjusted Diluted EPS guidance to the corresponding GAAP measures on a forward-looking basis cannot be provided without unreasonable efforts, as we are unable to provide reconciling information with respect to unusual items, net non-operating foreign currency exchange gains or losses, and the tax effects of these adjustments.

Capital Deployment Plan - Dividend

The Company has declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.20 per share on Cognizant Class A common stock for shareholders of record at the close of business on August 22, 2019. This dividend will be payable on August 30, 2019.

Conference Call
Cognizant will host a conference call on July 31, 2019, at 5:00 p.m. (Eastern) to discuss the Company's second quarter 2019 results. To listen to the conference call, please dial (877) 810-9510 (domestically) or (201) 493-6778 (internationally) and provide the following conference passcode: "Cognizant Call."

The conference call will also be available live on the Investor Relations section of the Cognizant website at http://investors.cognizant.com. Please go to the website at least 15 minutes prior to the call to register and to download and install any necessary audio software. An earnings supplement will also be available on the Cognizant website at the time of the conference call.

For those who cannot access the live broadcast, a replay will be available. To listen to the replay, please dial (877) 660-6853 (domestically) or (201) 612-7415 (internationally) and enter 13692449 from two hours after the end of the call until 11:59 p.m. (Eastern) on Wednesday, August 14, 2019. The replay will also be available at Cognizant's website www.cognizant.com for 60 days following the call.

About Cognizant
Cognizant (Nasdaq-100: CTSH) is one of the world's leading professional services companies, transforming clients' business, operating and technology models for the digital era. Our unique industry-based, consultative approach helps clients envision, build and run more innovative and efficient businesses. Headquartered in the U.S., Cognizant is ranked 193 on the Fortune 500 and is consistently listed among the most admired companies in the world. Learn how Cognizant helps clients lead with digital at www.cognizant.com or follow us @Cognizant.

Forward-Looking Statements
This press release includes statements which may constitute forward-looking statements made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, the accuracy of which are necessarily subject to risks, uncertainties, and assumptions as to future events that may not prove to be accurate. These statements include, but are not limited to, express or implied forward-looking statements relating to our expectations regarding opportunities in the marketplace, our cost structure, investment in and growth of our business, our shift to digital solutions and services, our anticipated financial performance, our capital deployment plan and clarification, if any, by the Indian government as to the application of the Supreme Court's ruling related to the India Defined Contribution Obligation. These statements are neither promises nor guarantees, but are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated in these forward-looking statements. Existing and prospective investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied include general economic conditions, changes in the regulatory environment, including with respect to immigration and taxes, and the other factors discussed in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Cognizant undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities law.

About Non-GAAP Financial Measures
To supplement our financial results presented in accordance with GAAP, this press release includes references to the following measures defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission as non-GAAP financial measures: Adjusted Income From Operations, Adjusted Operating Margin, Adjusted Diluted EPS, free cash flow and constant currency revenue growth. These non-GAAP financial measures are not based on any comprehensive set of accounting rules or principles and should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP, and may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. In addition, these non-GAAP financial measures should be read in conjunction with our financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. The reconciliations of our non-GAAP financial measures to the corresponding GAAP measures should be carefully evaluated.

Our non-GAAP financial measures, Adjusted Operating Margin and Adjusted Income From Operations, exclude unusual items and Adjusted Diluted EPS additionally excludes net non-operating foreign currency exchange gains or losses and the tax impact of all the applicable adjustments. The income tax impact of each item is calculated by applying the statutory rate and local tax regulations in the jurisdiction in which the item was incurred. Free cash flow is defined as cash flows from operating activities net of purchases of property and equipment. Constant currency revenue growth is defined as revenues for a given period restated at the comparative period's foreign currency exchange rates measured against the comparative period's reported revenues.

Management believes providing investors with an operating view consistent with how we manage the Company provides enhanced transparency into our operating results. For our internal management reporting and budgeting purposes, we use various GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures for financial and operational decision-making, to evaluate period-to-period comparisons, to determine portions of the compensation for our executive officers and for making comparisons of our operating results to those of our competitors. Therefore, it is our belief that the use of non-GAAP financial measures excluding certain costs provides a meaningful supplemental measure for investors to evaluate our financial performance. Accordingly, we believe that the presentation of our non-GAAP measures, when read in conjunction with our reported GAAP results, can provide useful supplemental information to our management and investors regarding financial and business trends relating to our financial condition and results of operations.

A limitation of using non-GAAP financial measures versus financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP is that non-GAAP financial measures do not reflect all of the amounts associated with our operating results as determined in accordance with GAAP and may exclude costs that are recurring such as our net non-operating foreign currency exchange gains or losses. In addition, other companies may calculate non-GAAP financial measures differently than us, thereby limiting the usefulness of these non-GAAP financial measures as a comparative tool. We compensate for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from our non-GAAP financial measures to allow investors to evaluate such non-GAAP financial measures.

- tables to follow -

 

COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

(in millions, except per share data)



Three Months Ended
June 30,


Six Months Ended
June 30,


2019


2018


2019


2018

Revenues

$

4,141


$

4,006


$

8,251


$

7,918

Operating expenses:








Cost of revenues (exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense 
     shown separately below)

2,629


2,417


5,204


4,818

Selling, general and administrative expenses

768


805


1,641


1,516

Depreciation and amortization expense

125


114


248


221

Income from operations

619


670


1,158


1,363

Other income (expense), net:








Interest income

45


40


93


81

Interest expense

(6)


(7)


(13)


(13)

Foreign currency exchange gains (losses), net

16


(80)


18


(111)

Other, net

2



3


Total other income (expense), net

57


(47)


101


(43)

Income before provision for income taxes

676


623


1,259


1,320

Provision for income taxes

(167)


(168)


(309)


(345)

Income from equity method investments


1



1

Net income

$

509


$

456


$

950


$

976

Basic earnings per share

$

0.90


$

0.78


$

1.67


$

1.67

Diluted earnings per share

$

0.90


$

0.78


$

1.67


$

1.66

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - Basic

564


585


569


586

Dilutive effect of shares issuable under stock-based compensation plans


1


1


1

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - Diluted

564


586


570


587

 

 

COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION

(Unaudited)

(in millions, except par values)



June 30,
2019


December 31,
2018

Assets




Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

1,660


$

1,161

Short-term investments

1,343


3,350

Trade accounts receivable, net

3,386


3,257

Other current assets

817


909

Total current assets

7,206


8,677

Property and equipment, net

1,337


1,394

Operating lease assets

847


Goodwill

3,651


3,481

Intangible assets, net

1,161


1,150

Deferred income tax assets, net

468


442

Long-term investments

80


80

Other noncurrent assets

767


689

Total assets

$

15,517


$

15,913

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity




Current liabilities:




Accounts payable

$

254


$

215

Deferred revenue

285


286

Short-term debt

28


9

Operating lease liabilities

201


Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

2,056


2,267

Total current liabilities

2,824


2,777

Deferred revenue, noncurrent

63


62

Operating lease liabilities, noncurrent

679


Deferred income tax liabilities, net

44


183

Long-term debt

718


736

Long-term income taxes payable

471


478

Other noncurrent liabilities

161


253

Total liabilities

4,960


4,489

Stockholders' equity:




Preferred stock, $0.10 par value, 15.0 shares authorized, none issued


Class A common stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000 shares authorized, 552 and 577 shares issued 
     and outstanding as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively

6


6

Additional paid-in capital

38


47

Retained earnings

10,583


11,485

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

(70)


(114)

Total stockholders' equity

10,557


11,424

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

15,517


$

15,913

 

 

COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORPORATION

Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

(Unaudited)

(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)



Three Months Ended
June 30,


Six Months Ended
June 30,


Guidance


2019


2018


2019


2018


Q3 2019


Q4 2019


Full Year 2019

GAAP income from operations

$

619


$

670


$

1,158


$

1,363







Realignment charges(a)

49



51


1







Incremental accrual related to the India 
     Defined Contribution Obligation(b)



117








Initial funding of Cognizant U.S. 
     Foundation (c)


100



100







Adjusted Income From Operations

$

668


$

770


$

1,326


$

1,464
























GAAP operating margin

14.9%


16.7%


14.0%


17.2%







Realignment charges

1.2



0.7



(a)


(a)


(a)

Incremental accrual related to the India 
     Defined Contribution Obligation



1.4



(b)


(b)


(b)

Initial funding of Cognizant U.S. 
     Foundation


2.5



1.3




Adjusted Operating Margin

16.1%


19.2%


16.1%


18.5%


approx. 18.0%


approx. 18.0%


approx. 17.0%















GAAP diluted earnings per share

$

0.90


$

0.78


$

1.67


$

1.66







Effect of above adjustments, pre-tax

0.09


0.17


0.29


0.17






(a), (b)

Non-operating foreign currency exchange 
     (gains) losses, pre-tax(d)

(0.03)


0.14


(0.03)


0.19






(d)

Tax effect of above adjustments (e)

(0.02)


(0.04)


(0.08)


(0.03)






(a), (b), (d)

Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share

$

0.94


$

1.05


$

1.85


$

1.99






$3.92 - $3.98

 

 

Notes:

(a)

During the three months ended June 30, 2019, we incurred $49 million in realignment charges that include $20 million in costs associated with our CEO transition and the departure of our President ("Executive Transition Costs"), $27 million in employee separation costs and $2 million in third party realignment costs. Additionally, during the first quarter of 2019 we incurred $2 million of Executive Transition Costs. The total costs related to the realignment are reported in "Selling, general and administrative expenses" in our unaudited consolidated statements of operations. We will continue to incur additional realignment charges in 2019 as management is currently evaluating various realignment strategies to further improve our customer focus, our cost structure and the efficiency and effectiveness of our delivery while continuing to drive revenue growth. In order to ensure that we continue to retain top talent to serve our customers and manage our business, in July 2019 we offered retention awards to certain key employees, which will result in additional realignment charges of approximately $48 million during the remainder of 2019. Additional realignment plans are still being developed, and therefore we cannot estimate without unreasonable effort the amount of any incremental realignment charges that we may incur.


(b)

In the first quarter of 2019, a ruling of the Supreme Court of India interpreting certain statutory defined contribution obligations of employees and employers (the "India Defined Contribution Obligation") altered historical understandings of such obligations, extending them to cover additional portions of the employee's income. As a result, the ongoing contributions of our affected employees and the Company are required to be increased. In the first quarter of 2019, we accrued $117 million with respect to prior periods, assuming retroactive application of the Supreme Court's ruling. There is significant uncertainty as to how the liability should be calculated as it is impacted by multiple variables, including the period of assessment, the application with respect to certain current and former employees and whether interest and penalties may be assessed. Since the ruling, a variety of trade associations and industry groups have advocated to the Indian government, highlighting the harm to the information technology sector, other industries and job growth in India that would result from a retroactive application of the ruling. We anticipate the Indian government will review the matter and believe there is a substantial question as to whether the Indian government will apply the Supreme Court's ruling on a retroactive basis. As such, the ultimate amount of our obligation may be materially different from the amount accrued and therefore, the amount and timing of an adjustment to this accrual, if any, cannot be provided on a forward-looking basis without unreasonable efforts. The incremental accrual related to the India Defined Contribution Obligation is reported in "Selling, general and administrative expenses" in our unaudited consolidated statement of operations.


(c)

In the second quarter of 2018, we provided $100 million of initial funding to Cognizant U.S. Foundation. This cost is reported in "Selling, general and administrative expenses" in our unaudited consolidated statement of operations.


(d)

Non-operating foreign currency exchange gains and losses, inclusive of gains and losses on related foreign exchange forward contracts not designated as hedging instruments for accounting purposes, are reported in "Foreign currency exchange gains (losses), net" in our unaudited consolidated statements of operations. Non-operating foreign currency exchange gains and losses are subject to high variability and low visibility and therefore cannot be provided on a forward-looking basis without unreasonable efforts. 


(e)

Presented below are the tax impacts of each of our non-GAAP adjustments to pre-tax income:

 

 


Three Months Ended June 30


Six Months Ended June 30


2019


2018


2019


2018


(in millions)


(in millions)

Non-GAAP income tax benefit (expense) related to:








Realignment charges

$

13


$


$

13


$

Incremental accrual related to the India Defined Contribution Obligation



31



Cognizant U.S. Foundation funding


28



28

Foreign currency exchange gains and losses


(8)


1


(9)

The effective tax rate related to each of our non-GAAP adjustments varies depending on the jurisdictions in which such income and expenses are generated and the statutory rates applicable in those jurisdictions.

The above tables serve to reconcile the Non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures. Please refer to the "About Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section of our press release for further information on the use of these Non-GAAP measures.

COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORPORATION

Schedule of Supplemental Information

(Unaudited)

(dollars in millions)



Three Months Ended June 30, 2019






Year over Year


$


 % of total


 % Change


Constant Currency
% Change (a)

Revenues by Segment:








Financial Services

$

1,473


35.6%


0.3%


1.7%

Healthcare

1,134


27.4%


(1.9)%


(1.5)%

Products and Resources

927


22.4%


10.4%


12.3%

Communications, Media and Technology

607


14.6%


12.2%


14.1%

Total Revenues

$

4,141




3.4%


4.7%









Revenues by Geography:








North America

$

3,139


75.8%


2.3%


2.3%

United Kingdom

322


7.8%


4.2%


9.6%

Continental Europe

427


10.3%


12.1%


18.0%

Europe - Total

749


18.1%


8.6%


14.2%

Rest of World

253


6.1%


1.6%


6.4%

Total Revenues

$

4,141




3.4%


4.7%


















Six Months Ended June 30, 2019






Year over Year


$


 % of total


 % Change


Constant Currency
% Change (a)

Revenues by Segment:








Financial Services

$

2,909


35.2%


(0.7)%


0.9%

Healthcare

2,299


27.9%


1.0%


1.5%

Products and Resources

1,841


22.3%


10.8%


13.1%

Communications, Media and Technology

1,202


14.6%


14.5%


16.8%

Total Revenues

$

8,251




4.2%


5.7%









Revenues by Geography:








North America

$

6,262


75.9%


3.6%


3.6%

United Kingdom

651


7.9%


5.2%


10.8%

Continental Europe

832


10.1%


10.2%


17.1%

Europe - Total

1,483


18.0%


7.9%


14.3%

Rest of World

506


6.1%


0.8%


6.8%

Total Revenues

$

8,251




4.2%


5.7%



















Employee Metrics:






June 30, 2019


June 30, 2018

Number of employees






288,200


268,900










 

Notes:


(a) 

Constant currency revenue growth is not a measurement of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. See "About Non-GAAP Financial Measures" for more information.

 

 

COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(in millions)



Three Months Ended
June 30,


Six Months Ended
June 30,


2019


2018


2019


2018

Cash flows from operating activities:








Net income

$

509


$

456


$

950


$

976

Adjustments for non-cash income and expenses

30


322


180


525

Changes in assets and liabilities

36


(138)


(286)


(473)

Net cash provided by operating activities

575


640


844


1,028

Cash flows from investing activities:








Purchases of property and equipment

(96)


(91)


(202)


(187)

Net sales (purchases) of investments

1,398


(16)


2,057


(146)

Payments for business combinations, net of cash acquired

(35)


(477)


(232)


(478)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

1,267


(584)


1,623


(811)

Cash flows from financing activities:








Repurchases of common stock

(1,054)


(633)


(1,825)


(949)

Net change in borrowings and finance lease and earnout obligations

(7)


(25)


(9)


(139)

Dividends paid

(116)


(118)


(232)


(236)

Issuance of common stock under stock-based compensation plans

40


42


90


102

Net cash (used in) financing activities

(1,137)


(734)


(1,976)


(1,222)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

5


(20)


8


(19)

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

710


(698)


499


(1,024)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

950


1,599


1,161


1,925

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

$

1,660


$

901


$

1,660


$

901

 

 

SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION

(in millions)




Three Months Ended

Stock Repurchases under Board of Directors' authorized stock repurchase program:


June 30, 2019


June 30, 2018

Number of shares repurchased


18.7


7.2






Remaining authorized balance


$

738









 

 

Reconciliation of Free Cash Flow Non-GAAP Financial Measure

(in millions)



Three Months Ended
June 30,


Six Months Ended
June 30,


2019


2018


2019


2018

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

575


$

640


$

844


$

1,028

Purchases of property and equipment

(96)


(91)


(202)


(187)

Free cash flow

$

479


$

549


$

642


$

841

 

SOURCE Cognizant

For further information: Investor Relations: Katie Royce, Global Head of Investor Relations, 201-679-2739, Katie.Royce@cognizant.com; Media: Rick Lacroix, VP, Corporate Communications, 201-470-8961, Richard.Lacroix@cognizant.com